Most operators have training systems in place to address issues like workplace diversity, and to ensure the restaurant is a friendly, non-discriminating place for employees and customers alike.
But while operators can protect against outright prejudice, more subtle favoritism or discrimination can also be a problem in foodservice hiring practices. Unconscious biases influence all interactions—personal and professional—but it’s especially true in an industry that employs and attracts people from across the spectrum of ages, colors, and creeds.
Recognizing this bias is the motivation behind the “Culture Matters: Managing Unconscious Bias to Improve Performance” workshop from the Multicultural Foodservice & Hospitality Alliance (MFHA) and the Cultural Intelligence Center. Hosted at Brinker International in Dallas on June 30, the half-day workshop targets general managers, unit-level managers, multiunit managers, HR managers, talent acquisition managers, and recruitment specialists.
“Everybody has bias, whether we like to admit or not. … If you’re a human being, your brain is wired to naturally put things into groups,” says Gerry Fernandez, founder and president of MFHA. “In our industry, because we have such a diverse and multicultural, multigenerational workforce, it’s even more important for us to get a sense of what biases we may have so we can manage them and control them and be sure we’re not overlooking quality talent.”
While unconscious bias can encompass any number of prejudices—physical appearance, schools attended, etc.—the most common are gender, race, and socioeconomic background, Fernandez says.
Prior to the conference, attendees will create a Cultural Values Profile and take a series of Implicit Association Tests, developed by faculty at Harvard University. These tests are designed to illuminate underlying beliefs or perspectives that participants are likely unaware of.
“Once you see your assessment, it’s pretty impressive,” Fernandez says. “It’s quite the deal to look at your own assessment and then be able to [say], ‘Wow, I didn’t realize I was that much out of step with some of the other people on my team.’”
Although the specific source of these biases can be murky, the impact they have on the workplace is quite visible. One telltale sign is the degree by which white men are promoted more often than women and minorities, Fernandez says. Sometimes it’s a matter of self-promotion wherein certain groups are more inclined to be proactive than others in asking for new titles or raises. Other times it can be traced to managerial expectations, which can vary by gender, race, and background.
Fernandez points out that higher expectations generally lead to better results, so lowering the bar for certain groups proves counterproductive.
The source of these biases can also boil down to cultural differences, and understanding those nuances is key to taking action.
“The workshops are effective in the sense of increasing awareness, and that alone is valuable,” says Dr. Sandra Upton, vice president of educational initiatives at the Cultural Intelligence Center. “At the same time, you have to move beyond that and you still have to address—to have significant and sustainable results—the ‘so what.’ Now that I know I’m biased, so what? That’s where cultural intelligence comes into the conversation.”
Upton, who will lead next week’s workshop, adds that developing cultural intelligence (CQ) allows workers to adapt to thrive in any multicultural setting.
If bias is the negative side of a person’s worldview, then values might be the positive counterpart. Upton says it is important to have values, but it’s equally critical that people recognize when their values are negatively impacting interactions with others.
For example, American culture holds individualism as a core value, whereas Latino culture leans toward collectivism in which the success of the greater group overrides personal accomplishment, Upton says. These differences can lead to misconceptions of the former being too aggressive and the latter being too passive.
It might seem that the diversity within foodservice would make it a less biased industry, but the Harvard assessment showed otherwise. An analysis of some 2.5 million people who took the test across the U.S., U.K, and 17 Western European countries indicated that engineering, sales, and foodservice experienced the highest level of racial biases.
Upton says companies have strong incentives to confront this issue through special training and workshops. Beyond the intrinsic value of creating a more accepting and aware workplace, the results can translate to the bottom line
“There’s research that proves that individuals that have a high level of cultural intelligence … perform better,” Upton says. She adds that tech leader Google has worked with the Cultural Intelligence Center and invested millions of dollars to develop employees’ CQ.
Like Google, the onus to begin making these changes rests on the companies.
“It requires a willingness to be vulnerable, both at the individual level and the organizational level,” Upton says. “A company can have its employees go through unconscious bias training, and the training itself might be pretty productive, … but if your organization doesn’t make a commitment to make sure that culture and climate support that, then that really can undermine individual development.”