Harry Foster, global analyst at Mintel, comments on the greatest themes in consumer behavior this year:
"At the end of last year, we knew 2009 was going to be difficult for people across the globe. But as we review our five consumer trend predictions, we see that optimism has steadily balanced out stress and economic hardship. The first half of the year was especially challenging, but with tentative, recent green shoots of recovery, we expect people's attitudes to brighten considerably in coming months. Consumers have a resilient ability to stay positive amid tough circumstances."
Last year, Mintel forecast five global consumer trends for 2009. Mid-year, the market research firm uses insight from expert analysts and new market research to take stock of how these trends are playing out:
Trust is a paramount concern in 2009, as banks, food manufacturers and government officials suffer from losing people's trust. In the US, 66 percent of adults say they have less trust in financial services companies because of recent economic developments. Food companies are at risk too: six in 10 Americans worry about food safety.
When the financial bottom dropped out last year, already-choosy consumers found another reason to grasp for control—security. A Mintel survey of US mass affluent adults shows two in five saying they intend to permanently spend less and decrease their reliance on credit cards, thus increasing control over their finances.
"We see new values taking hold as people adapt to today's tighter economy. Conservative and pragmatic are in; excess is out. Consumers feel pessimistic about the future, so they're taking cautious steps to ensure their safety and happiness now," says Harry Foster.
Despite negative feelings about the economy and pressure to cut back, people still want to enjoy themselves. In the US, three in five people say they traveled domestically in the past year; but to save money, more travelers visit friends or family, spend time looking for travel bargains or choose cheap transportation. Additionally, helping people achieve the balance between necessity and pleasure, global manufacturers have been releasing quirky, light-hearted new products*. Today, playfulness offers people a way to escape, engage and build relationships with brands.
In work and play alike, consumers around the world continue seeking simplicity. More than two-thirds of Americans recently told Mintel they've been simplifying their lives over the past six months, while nearly nine in 10 think there is "too much emphasis on material things in our society." Manufacturers have followed suit globally, launching more products that appease people's desire for clear functionality, clean ingredient labels and simple packaging.
Restaurants, too, have caught onto this trend by offering all-inclusive meal deals that tell people exactly what they'll get for their money.
• Trading down, up, and over
Trying to save where they can, consumers continue trading down across spending opportunities. Eight in 10 Americans say they're cooking at home more now, while a full 52 percent admit to spending less at restaurants this year than last.
Mintel analyzes consumer trends annually, pinpointing those with the greatest impact on behavior and beliefs. Watch for Mintel's 2010 trend predictions later this year.