Sonic Corp. announced results for the third quarter and nine months ended May 31, 2008. Key aspects of the company’s third quarter performance included:
• A 10 percent decline in net income per diluted share to $0.28 versus $0.31 in the prior year;
• A 0.4 percent decline in system-wide same-store sales resulting primarily from weather-affected sales in March; system-wide same-store sales improved as the quarter progressed and returned to the company’s targeted growth range of 2 percent to 4 percent in May; additionally, traffic for the quarter was slightly positive; and
• The opening of 41 new drive-ins during the third quarter, the relocation or rebuild of 17 existing drive-ins, and the completion of 279 retrofits.
“During the third fiscal quarter, the company confronted a number of challenges. As we previously noted, system-wide same-store sales were significantly negative in March, due primarily to the much colder and wetter weather we experienced versus March 2007. However, system-wide same-store sales turned slightly positive in April and returned to our targeted range of 2 percent to 4 percent growth in May. Also, traffic counts were positive for the system in the third quarter and reflected the ongoing success of our promotions, such as Sonic’s Happy Hour and new coffee program. Still, lower-than-expected sales for the quarter, coupled with mounting commodity pressures, had a negative impact on restaurant-level margins.
“Same-store sales for the quarter remained solid for drive-ins in core and our newest markets. Same-store sales performance in developing markets overall was considerably weaker in the third quarter, however, reflecting a tougher consumer environment and less impact from our sales-driving initiatives, such as the retrofit, on a relative basis,” says Clifford Hudson, chairman and CEO.
Same-store sales for partner drive-ins (drive-ins in which the company owns a majority interest) declined 3.9 percent third quarter. Like the system, partner drive-in sales showed relative improvement as the quarter progressed, but were negative in each month of the quarter, and the gap between the performance of partner drive-ins and franchise drive-ins increased during the quarter. Management believes the declining performance at partner drive-ins is attributable, at least in part, to consumer reaction to aggressive price increases taken last year combined with a decline in service due to an emphasis on margin management. Because of the significance of partner drive-ins to Sonic’s revenues and expenses, negative sales trends at partner drive-ins had a disproportionate impact on the overall company’s financial performance for the quarter. Going forward, Sonic is placing a renewed focus on customer service and implementing a more strategic approach to pricing, which are expected to have a positive impact on partner drive-in sales. However, it is difficult to predict how quickly these changes will benefit sales.
The rebound in system sales as the third quarter progressed reflected Sonic’s ongoing efforts to refine its promotional strategy to achieve an appropriate balance between varied day-part promotions. Sonic’s summer promotions will be built around product news, such as the return of the Island Fire Burger, along with new frozen treats. The company will continue to focus on value messaging, including 99 cent shakes and Happy Hour, which features half-priced drinks from 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. everyday.
Investments in national cable advertising continue to be successful and are expected to be over $95 million in fiscal 2008, with total media spending expected to reach $190 million this fiscal year.
Net income per diluted share for the third quarter of fiscal 2008 declined 10 percent to $0.28 from $0.31 in the year-earlier period. The company’s earnings per share for the third quarter reflected a decline in same-store sales and lower restaurant-level margins. Rising commodity costs, increased labor, and higher other operating expenses resulted in lower restaurant-level margins for the third quarter, although these pressures were partially offset by a decline in minority interest in earnings at partner drive-ins. Net income per diluted share for the first nine months of fiscal 2008 grew 10 percent to $0.64 from $0.58.
Revenues for the third fiscal quarter rose 1 percent to $213.0 million from $209.9 million in the year-earlier period. This increase was attributable to new unit growth and higher franchising income. For the first nine months of the fiscal year, revenues increased 6 percent to $577.8 million from $546.2 million in the same period last year.
System-wide same-store sales declined 0.4 percent for the third quarter of fiscal 2008. This reflected a 0.5 percent increase at franchise drive-ins offset by a 3.9 percent decline at partner drive-ins. For the first nine months of fiscal 2008, system-wide same-store sales rose 1.5 percent, reflecting a 1.7 percent increase at franchise drive-ins and a 0.3 percent increase at partner drive-ins.
The weakness in same-store sales for the third quarter was attributable primarily to widespread poor performance in March, especially in the company’s developing markets, which experienced a 6.9 percent decline in same-store sales versus a 1.3 percent increase for core markets. For the first nine months of fiscal 2008, same-store sales in developing markets declined 4.7 percent compared with a 3.0 percent increase for the company’s core markets.
During the third quarter, Sonic opened 41 new drive-ins compared with 48 in the year-earlier period, including 35 franchise drive-in openings versus 43 in the year-earlier quarter. Through the third quarter of the fiscal year, the company opened 111 drive-ins compared with 114 in the year-earlier period, including 95 franchise drive-ins in fiscal 2008 and 99 in fiscal 2007. The company now expects to open 175 to 185 drive-ins system-wide in fiscal 2008.
Although new drive-in openings show a slight decline in fiscal 2008, existing franchisees continue to invest heavily in rebuilds and relocations–another critical area of development that typically has a significant bearing on drive-in sales and profitability. While rebuilt or relocated drive-ins are not considered new, the level of financial and development resources required is similar to that of a new drive-in. In the third quarter, Sonic franchisees rebuilt or relocated 16 additional drive-ins, for an increase of 45 percent over the prior-year quarter, bringing the fiscal 2008 year-to-date total to 45 versus 25 through the first nine months of fiscal 2007. The company believes existing franchisees are on track to rebuild and/or relocate 60 to 70 drive-ins in fiscal 2008. This, combined with commitments for new drive-ins in fiscal 2008, reflects franchisees’ confidence in the strength of the Sonic brand.
Franchisees also remain committed to the retrofit program and its results, completing 228 retrofits during the third quarter, for a total of 630 for the first nine months of the fiscal year and 956 since the franchisee retrofit process began in early calendar year 2007. More than 44 percent of Sonic’s franchise drive-ins now have the new look. In addition, Sonic retrofitted a total of 51 partner drive-ins in the third quarter of fiscal 2008 for a total of 128 partner drive-ins for the first nine months of the fiscal year. The company now has retrofitted a total of 354 partner drive-ins since the program began, and currently over 75 percent of partner drive-ins have the new look. For fiscal 2008, Sonic expects to complete in excess of 700 franchise retrofits and 150 partner drive-in retrofits.
Concluding, Hudson says, “Although the company is experiencing some near-term challenges in certain markets, we are confident that our multi-layered growth strategy– focused on sales-driving initiatives, development, and efficient use of capital–will have a positive impact on Sonic’s longer-term performance.”
Sonic expects that its earnings per diluted share will increase in the range of 4 percent to 6 percent in fiscal 2008 versus fiscal 2007 earnings per diluted share of $0.96, which is adjusted for prior-year debt refinancing charges. With respect to the fourth fiscal quarter ending August 31, 2008, the company expects the following:
• System-wide same-store sales growth within the target range of 2 percent to 4 percent, with partner drive-ins performing somewhat below this range. If the unfavorable gap between franchise and partner drive-in sales increases beyond the level experienced in the third quarter, the impact on the earnings outlook could be more negative than the company’s current expectations;
• Unfavorable restaurant-level margins, as a percentage of sales versus the prior year, due to continued commodity cost pressure and higher labor costs resulting from the next minimum wage increase that goes into effect in July;
• Net interest expense of $11 million to $13 million, resulting from increased interest expense related to the company’s tender offer in fiscal 2007 and subsequent share repurchases;
• A share-repurchase authorization of approximately $10.4 million remaining for fiscal year 2008; subject to the level of future share repurchases, weighted average diluted shares outstanding are expected to be in the range of 62 million to 63 million shares for fiscal 2008; and
• A tax rate in the range of 37.5 percent to 38.5 percent for the quarter.